Investigating Defects of Esophageal Motility in Lung Transplant Recipients

Jordan Burlen, Suma Chennubhotla, Shifat Ahmed, Sarah Landes, Allan Ramirez, Abigail M. Stocker, Thomas L. Abell


Background: Lung transplant patients are at risk of developing chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD) of which bronchitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) is the most common. These patients also are noted to develop gastrointestinal (GI) disease. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is implicated in BOS, and diagnosis and treatment of GERD may help to decrease incidence of BOS.

Methods: A total of 131 lung transplant recipients with post-transplant evaluation between 2012 and 2019 were studied. Of 60 post-transplant evaluations with at least 6 months of post-transplant follow-up that included impedance testing, high-resolution manometry (HRM), and pH testing, procedures were performed according to recognized standards.

Results: Of 60 patients, 56 (93%) were alive at 1-year post-transplant. The patients were found to have high rates of GI motility diseases: 37 patients (62%) had abnormal impedance testing, 50 patients (83%) had abnormal HRM results, 22 patients (37%) had abnormal pH test results. There was associated high rejection rates in patients with abnormal esophageal motility. There were 37 patients that had abnormal impedance test results and of those 25 patients (67%) developed rejection. Fifty patients had abnormal post-transplant HRM studies, 33 (66%) had an acute cellular rejection episode. Twenty-two patients had abnormal pH results, with 14 (63%) having an acute cellular rejection.

Conclusions: Patients undergoing lung transplantation were found to have increased incidence of abnormal GI motility studies of the esophagus. These patients were further found to have increased rejection rates and BOS which has been associated with worsened mortality. Developing a formalized pre- and post-transplant motility study process, using evolving technologies for these patients, may provide guidance of at-risk patients for CLAD and early treatment to prevent CLAD.

Gastroenterol Res. 2022;15(3):120-126


Motility; Lung transplant; Reflux; Impedance; Manometry

Full Text: HTML PDF

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics


World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology


Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity


Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research


Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics



Gastroenterology Research, bimonthly, ISSN 1918-2805 (print), 1918-2813 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.

This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website:   editorial contact:
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the editors and Elmer Press Inc. This website is provided for medical research and informational purposes only and does not constitute any medical advice or professional services. The information provided in this journal should not be used for diagnosis and treatment, those seeking medical advice should always consult with a licensed physician.