Filling of Polyglycolic Acid Sheets for Closure of Gastrointestinal Fistulas With an Easily Deliverable Technique Using a Guidewire

Hideaki Kawabata, Daiki Sone, Katsutoshi Yamaguchi, Naonori Inoue, Yuji Okazaki, Yuki Ueda, Misuzu Hitomi, Masatoshi Miyata, Shigehiro Motoi

Abstract


Background: This retrospective study aimed to investigate the suitable indications, methodology and long-term effect of the closure of gastrointestinal (GI) fistulas using polyglycolic acid (PGA) sheets and fibrin glue (FG) and to evaluate the usefulness of a delivery technique using a guidewire.

Methods: It involved 10 applications in six patients (median age 73 (range 53 - 78) years old, three men) with GI fistulas. A guidewire was introduced endoscopically or percutaneously into the fistula beyond the opposite orifice of the fistula with radiologic control. A tapered catheter was inserted over the guidewire, and the fistula was cleaned with an adequate quantity of saline. Subsequently, a small piece of PGA sheet was skewered onto the guidewire at the center and then pushed using the tapered catheter over the guidewire and delivered into the fistula. In cases of endoscopic procedure, the mucosa around the fistula was ablated, and the orifice of the fistula along with the surrounding mucosa was shielded with a piece of PGA sheet fixed with hemoclips and FG.

Results: Technical success of fistula closure was achieved in all applications, and no complications were observed after the procedure. The long-term occlusion of the fistula was ultimately achieved in four of six patients at 202 - 654 days (median duration, 244 days) after the last procedure with one or two applications.

Conclusions: The closure of GI fistulas using PGA sheets and FG demonstrated long-term efficacy for upper GI fistula of a certain length, and the filling technique using a guidewire ensured a safe smooth procedure.





Gastroenterol Res. 2020;13(3):96-100
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/gr1284

Keywords


Gastrointestinal fistula; Polyglycolic acid sheet; Fibrin glue; Guidewire

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