Influence of Body Height on Oral and Pharyngeal Transit Time of a Liquid Bolus in Healthy Volunteers

Marcia R.K. Bernardi Regueiro, Luana Casari Parreira, Weslania Viviane Nascimento, Roberto Oliveira Dantas


Background: Swallowing duration may be influenced by several factors. The effect of body height on oral-pharyngeal bolus transit has not been clearly elucidated. The hypothesis of this investigation was that height has influence on oral-pharyngeal transit time of a liquid bolus.

Methods: Videofluoroscopic assessment of swallowing was performed on 40 healthy volunteers: 20tall (171 cm to 207 cm) and 20short (152 cm to 170 cm) subjects, 10 men and 10 women in each group. Each subject performed three swallows of 10 mL of liquid barium bolus. The following parameters were measured: oral transit time (OTT): time from the beginning of tongue tip movement at incisors to arrival of the bolus tail at the fauces; pharyngeal transit time (PTT): time between the arrival of the bolus tail at fauces and complete passage of the bolus tail through the upper esophageal sphincter (UES); pharyngeal clearance (PC): time between the arrival of the bolus head at fauces to complete passage of the bolus tail through the UES; UES opening (UESO): time between the arrival of the bolus head at the UES to complete passage of the bolus tail through the UES; duration of hyoid movement (HM): time interval between the onset and the end of hyoid movement; oral-pharyngeal transit time (OPTT): time from the beginning of tongue tip movement at incisors until complete passage of the bolus tail through the UES. The statistical analysis was done by a linear model with mixed effects. Correlation between height and swallowing events duration was assessed by Spearmans correlation coefficient (r).

Results: In women OTT, PC, HM and OPTT were longer in tall than in short subjects, what was not seen in men. In women there was a positive correlation between OTT, PTT and OPTT and height. Men (mean height: 177 cm) had longer PTT and PC than women (mean height: 166 cm).

Conclusions: In women, oral and pharyngeal transit time of a 10 mL liquid bolus were influenced by height and was longer in taller subjects.

Gastroenterol Res. 2018;11(6):411-415


Deglutition; Swallowing; Dysphagia; Body height; Swallowing physiology

Full Text: HTML PDF

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics


World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology


Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity


Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research


Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics



Gastroenterology Research, bimonthly, ISSN 1918-2805 (print), 1918-2813 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.

This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website:   editorial contact:
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the editors and Elmer Press Inc. This website is provided for medical research and informational purposes only and does not constitute any medical advice or professional services. The information provided in this journal should not be used for diagnosis and treatment, those seeking medical advice should always consult with a licensed physician.