Common Inflammatory Disorders and Neoplasia of the Ileal Pouch: A Review of Histopathology

David Hernandez Gonzalo, Amy L. Collinsworth, Xiuli Liu

Abstract


Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) is the standard restorative procedure after proctocolectomy in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) who require colectomy. The ileal pouch is susceptible to a variety of insults including mechanical injury, ischemia, fecal stasis, and infectious agents. In addition, the development of recurrent and idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease and neoplasia may occur in the ileal pouch. Although clinical, endoscopic, and radiographic examination can diagnose many ileal pouch diseases, histologic examination plays an essential role in diagnosis and management, particularly in cases with antibiotic refractory chronic pouchitis and pouch neoplasia.




Gastroenterol Res. 2016;9(2-3):29-38
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14740/gr706e

Keywords


Inflammatory disorder; Neoplasia; Ileal pouch; Diagnosis; Pouchitis; Histopathology; Ulcerative colitis

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