Enteral Nutrition With an Enteral Formula Containing Egg Yolk Lecithin After Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy: A Case Series

Tetsuro Akashi, Risa Hashimoto, Akihisa Ohno, Kazuhide Matsumoto, Yukari Nakamura

Abstract


The occurrence of diarrhea at the beginning of enteral nutrition complicates the continuation of enteral nutrition. Recently, studies in Japan indicated that diarrhea could be improved by changing the enteral formula to one that is emulsified with egg yolk lecithin. In this study, we administered the enteral formula K-2S plus, which is emulsified with egg yolk lecithin, to 15 patients (four men and 11 women; mean age, 79.9 ± 2.0 years) after they had undergone a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) to prevent the occurrence of diarrhea related to enteral nutrition. Two days after the PEG, the patients would receive 200 mL K-2S plus intermittently three times daily; thereafter, the amount of K-2S plus was increased according to the patient’s condition. The administration rate was scheduled as 200 mL/h when 200 mL were administered at one time. For >= 300 mL, the scheduled administration rate was 300 mL/h. When we administered K-2S plus at the beginning of enteral nutrition after the PEG, the dose of the enteral formula could be increased without any occurrence of diarrhea or vomiting. Five patients had received intravenous nutrition before the PEG; thus, we were concerned about diarrhea in these patients. In conclusion, an enteral formula emulsified with egg yolk lecithin may be safely used at the time of enteral nutrition initiation without causing diarrhea.




Gastroenterol Res. 2018;11(2):157-160
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/gr995w


Keywords


Enteral Nutrition; Diarrhea; Lecithin; Emulsifying agents

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