Efficacy and Safety of Entecavir 0. 5 mg in Treating Naive Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Patients in Egypt: Five Years of Real Life Experience

Sahar Maklad, Ehab Mahfouz Reyad, Emad Adel William, Alaa Abouzeid


Background: The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of entecavir (ETV) among chronic hepatitis B (CHB) nucleos(t)ide-naive Egyptian patients.

Methods: Forty-eight CHB patients on ETV were included. Males comprised 83.3% (40 cases), while females comprised 16.7% (eight cases). Minimum age was 19 years, while maximum age was 64 years. Hepatitis B envelope antigen (HBeAg)-negative cases were 60.4%. HBeAg-positive cases were 39.6%. Factors including sex, positive HBeAg, baseline hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA level, baseline alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST), were evaluated in terms of their predictive role in treatment response, which was defined as a serum HBV DNA decrease of < 10 IU/mL.

Results: Mean age of patients was 38.2 years; males were 83.3% and females were 16.7%. HBeAg-negative cases were 60.4%, while HBeAg-positive cases were 39.6%. Mean baseline DNA level was 44 × 106 IU/mL. Ultrasound results showed 14 cases had hepatomegaly, 10 cases had bright liver, seven cases had coarse liver, and eight cases had cirrhosis. Of the cases, 45.8% showed a negative PCR after the first 6 months of therapy to reach 64.6% by the end of the first year. HBV DNA undetectability reached 91.3% and 100% after 4 and 5 years, respectively for those who completed the study period. ALT reduction started after 6 months of treatment and reached 53.37% after 5 years. Similarly AST showed the same pattern of decline and reached 54.37% after 5 years. Only two cases achieved HBeAg seroconversion. Three patients experienced virological breakthrough and the three cases shared similar characteristics of being less than 40 years, with baseline HBV DNA of ≥ 105 IU/mL and positive HBeAg. None of the cases showed hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) seroconversion.

Conclusion: ETV proved to have a potent antiviral efficacy and safety in nucleoside/tide-naive Egyptian patients. Rate of HBV DNA undetectability was higher in patients above 40 years of age and in patients who initially had a low viral load. ETV was well tolerated during the treatment period with a good overall safety profile.

Gastroenterol Res. 2018;11(2):138-144
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/gr965w


Hepatitis B; Entecavir; Egypt

Full Text: HTML PDF
Home     |     Log In     |      About     |      Search     |      Current     |      Archives     |      Submit      |     Subscribe



Aims and Scope

Current Issues

Conflict of Interest

About Publisher

Editorial Board



Company Profile

Editorial Office

Misconduct and Retraction


Company Registration

Contact Us

Abstracting and Indexing



Instructions to Authors


Declaration of Helsinki

Contact Publisher

Submission Checklist


Terms of Use

Company Address

Submit a Manuscript

Open Access Policy

Privacy Policy

Browse Journals

Publishing Fee

Publishing Policy


Recent Highlights

Peer-Review Process

Publishing Quality

Code of Ethics

Advertising Policy

Manuscript Tracking

Advanced Search

For Librarians


Publishing Process

Publication Frequency

For Reviewers

Propose a New Journal


Gastroenterology Research, bimonthly, ISSN 1918-2805 (print), 1918-2813 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.        
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.

This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.gastrores.org   editorial contact: editor@gastrores.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.