Common Bile Duct Dilatation With Stones Indicates Requirement for Early Drainage in Patients With or Without Cholangitis

Yasunobu Yamashita, Kazuki Ueda, Hiroko Abe, Takashi Tamura, Masahiro Itonaga, Takeichi Yoshida, Hiroki Maeda, Takao Maekita, Mikitaka Iguchi, Hideyuki Tamai, Masao Ichinose, Jun Kato


Background: Some patients with common bile duct (CBD) stones develop cholangitis requiring drainage, while others do not. The aims of this study were to elucidate the clinical differences among patients with CBD stones who required and did not require emergent drainage, and to identify risk factors for the development of cholangitis requiring emergent drainage in patients with silent CBD stones.

Methods: Clinical characteristics of consecutive patients with CBD stones who underwent endoscopic removal of stones or biliary drainage were analyzed retrospectively.

Results: Of 101 patients analyzed, 32 had moderate or severe cholangitis as the indication for emergent drainage, and the remaining 69 did not. Patients who required emergent drainage were more likely to have gallstones (P = 0.029), dilated CBD (> 10 mm) (P = 0.004) and larger CBD stones (P = 0.019). By multivariate analysis, CBD dilation was the only significant differentiating clinical characteristic of the patients who required emergent drainage (OR = 3.75, 95% CI: 1.41-9.96, P = 0.008). Of the 35 patients with silent bile duct stones, eight required emergent endoscopic drainage during the waiting period. CBD dilation was also the only significant risk factor for the development of moderate or severe cholangitis among patients with silent bile duct stones (OR = 10.18, 95% CI: 1.09-94.73, P = 0.042).

Conclusions: Dilated CBD (> 10 mm) was the only risk factor identified for requirement of early drainage in patients with CBD stones. Those who have silent CBD stones with CBD dilatation should undergo early drainage.

Gastroenterology Research. 2013;6(6):219-226


Common bile duct stones; Acute cholangitis; Biliary drainage

Full Text: HTML PDF

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics


World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology


Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity


Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research


Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics



Gastroenterology Research, bimonthly, ISSN 1918-2805 (print), 1918-2813 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.

This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website:   editorial contact:
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the editors and Elmer Press Inc. This website is provided for medical research and informational purposes only and does not constitute any medical advice or professional services. The information provided in this journal should not be used for diagnosis and treatment, those seeking medical advice should always consult with a licensed physician.