Fully Covered Self-Expandable Metal Stents for Treatment of Post-Sphincterotomy Bleeding

Ahmed Abdel Samie, Lorenz Theilmann

Abstract


Endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy (ES) is the cornerstone of therapeutic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP); however, serious complications are not uncommon. Post-sphincterotomy bleeding is one of the most frequent complications following ES and may occur in up to 10% of the patients. The spectrum of presentation may range from self-limited to severe live threatening hemorrhage. Different endoscopic treatment options are available. Angiographic embolisation and surgery are preserved for refractory cases not controlled by endoscopic means. Recently, completely covered self-expandable metal stents (CSEMS) have been applied to achieve hemostasis in severe post-sphincterotomy bleeding not controlled by other measures. We present our experience with this method to control delayed bleeding after ES in two patients requiring continuous therapeutic anticoagulation due to high cardiovascular embolic risk.




Gastroenterol Res. 2012;5(4):167-170
doi: https://doi.org/10.4021/gr435w

Keywords


Completely covered self-expandable metal stents; Endoscopic sphincterotomy; Post-sphincterotomy bleeding

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