Emphysematous Pyelonephritis Associated With Emphysematous Gastritis and Air in the Portal Vein

Jagadish Akella, Gilda-Diaz Fuentes, Sunjeet Kaur, Sindhaghatta Venkatram

Abstract


Emphysematous gastritis with portal venous air is a rare condition usually caused by gas forming organisms. This may be secondary to local spread of an infection through the mucosa or rarely hematogenous dissemination from a distant focus. We present a young diabetic woman with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus who was admitted with sepsis and severe abdominal symptoms. Investigation revealed emphysematous pyelonephritis due to E. coli infection associated with emphysematous gastritis and air in the portal tract. She improved with broad spectrum antibiotics, fluid resuscitation and electrolyte and diabetic management. To our knowledge this is the first report showing the association between emphysematous pyelonephritis and gastritis with air in the portal system.




doi:10.4021/gr287w


Keywords


Emphysematous pyelonephritis; Emphysematous gastritis; Air in the portal vein; Diabetes mellitus

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