A Significant Effect of Pemafibrate on Hepatic Steatosis and Fibrosis Indexes in Patients With Hypertriglyceridemia

Hisayuki Katsuyama, Hidekatsu Yanai, Hiroki Adachi, Mariko Hakoshima


Background: We previously reported that the selective peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha modulator, pemafibrate, significantly reduced serum levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) and significantly increased serum albumin levels at 3, 6 and 12 months after the start of pemafibrate, with an improvement of atherogenic dyslipidemia, in patients with hypertriglyceridemia.

Methods: We performed a post hoc analysis of our previous data obtained from patients with hypertriglyceridemia who had been prescribed pemafibrate continuously for 1 year or longer. We compared the indexes for hepatic steatosis (hepatic steatosis index (HSI)) and fibrosis (nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) fibrosis score (NFS), AST to platelet ratio index (APRI) and FIB-4 index) at baseline with the data at 1 year after the start of pemafibrate.

Results: Pemafibrate significantly reduced HSI at 1 year after the start of pemafibrate. NFS did not show a significant change after 1 year. However, APRI was significantly reduced by pemafibrate after 1 year. FIB-4 index significantly decreased in patients with baseline FIB-4 index ? 1.45 at 1 year after the start of pemafibrate. HSI at baseline tended to be negatively correlated with change in HSI after 1 year. There was no significant correlation between NFS at baseline and change in this score after 1 year. APRI and FIB-4 index at baseline were significantly and negatively correlated with changes in APRI and FIB-4 index at 1 year after the start of pemafibrate.

Conclusions: The 1-year pemafibrate treatment improved hepatic steatosis and fibrosis indexes in patients with hypertriglyceridemia.

Gastroenterol Res. 2023;16(4):240-243
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/gr1656


Hepatic steatosis; Hepatic fibrosis; Metabolic dysfunction-associated steatotic liver disease; Pemafibrate; Triglyceride

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