Trends of Readmissions for Gastrointestinal Bleeding After Alcoholic Hepatitis: Analysis of the Nationwide Readmission Database

Hisham Laswi, Bashar Attar, Abdul-Rahman Abusalim, Katayoun Khoshbin, Hafeez Shaka


Background: Alcohol consumption is associated with numerous hepatic manifestations, including alcoholic fatty liver disease, alcoholic hepatitis (AH), and liver cirrhosis. AH is a common and serious complication of alcohol use. Gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) remains one of the most common causes of death in these patients. In this article, we studied the trends of GIB after AH.

Methods: This was a retrospective interrupted trend study. We analyzed the 2010, 2012, 2014, 2016, and 2018 Nationwide Readmission Databases. The first AH hospitalization in the year was marked as index hospitalization. We identified subsequent hospitalizations with GIB within 30 days and marked them as readmissions. A multivariate regression analysis was used to calculate the risk-adjusted odds of trends for GIB readmissions, including esophageal varices bleeding (EVB), upper GIB, lower GIB, and all GIB.

Results: The volume of index hospitalizations increased from 10,248 in 2010 to 16,479 in 2018. Similarly, all readmissions increased from 1,838 in 2010 to 3,908 in 2018. Of all readmissions, EVB increased from 3.9% in 2010 to 5.9% in 2018 (odds ratio (OR) trend 1.10; P < 0.001). Readmissions for upper GIB increased from 2.4% in 2010 to 7.8% in 2018 (OR trend 1.22; P < 0.001). On the other hand, lower GIB readmissions decreased from 7.2% in 2010 to 4.7% in 2018 (OR trend 0.95; P = 0.015). There was no statistically significant trend for all GIB readmissions (OR trend 1; P = 0.915).

Conclusion: Further studies are needed to evaluate the patterns of lower GIB in patients with liver disease and the recent trends of corticosteroids use in AH patients.

Gastroenterol Res. 2022;15(3):136-141


Trends; Alcoholic hepatitis; Gastrointestinal bleeding; Readmission

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