Prognostic Factors of Patients With Transmural Advanced Gastric Carcinoma

Hayrullah Derici, Ismail Yaman, Tugrul Tansug, Okay Nazli, Ali Dogan Bozdag, Ali Serdar Isguder

Abstract


Background: The purpose of this study is to evaluate perioperative morbidity, mortality and the prognostic factors that influence survival of the patients with transmural advanced gastric carcinoma after curative surgical therapy.

Methods: Fifty patients with transmural advanced gastric adenocarcinoma underwent curative resection in our clinic. The records of the patients were reviewed and the prognostic factors such as age, gender, location and size of the tumor, type of surgery, blood transfusion, depth of tumor invasion, lymph node metastases, stage of the disease, grading, vascular invasion, lymph vessel invasion, characteristics of the tumor according to Laurens classification, and lymph node ratio were evaluated by using statistical methods.

Results: In a total of 12 patients (24%) major morbidities developed, and five patients (10%) died. The overall survival rate was 48% at 1 year, 31% at 3 years, and 19% at 5 years. Lymph node metastases (P = 0.03), lymph vessel invasion (P = 0.001), blood transfusion (P = 0.021), and lymph node ratio (P = 0.006) were the prognostic features identified by univariate analysis. Among the multiple significant prognostic factors in the univariate analysis only one factor, lymph node ratio, proved to be independently significant in the multivariate analysis (RR: 4.47).

Conclusions: Our data showed that we can expect a good survival for patients with a lymph node ratio less than 0.2.

 

Gastroenterol Res. 2009;2(6):317-323
doi: https://doi.org/10.4021/gr2009.11.1322


Keywords


Gastric Cancer; Transmural; Advanced; Morbidity; Mortality; Survival

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