Approach to Solid Liver Masses in the Cirrhotic Patient

Nimer Assy, Najib Assy, Nir Samuel, Aracdi Lerman, William Nseir

Abstract


Liver masses in cirrhosis are increasingly being recognized with the use of new imaging modalities. The majority of these lesions are detected by ultrasound, enhanced CT and MRI. The most likely diagnosis of a solid liver lesion in a cirrhotic liver is hepatocellular carcinoma, followed by high grade or low grade dysplastic nodule, and cholangiocarcinoma. Lymphoma and liver metastasis are extremely rare. Diagnosis is made by contrast enhanced ultrasound, multi detector (MDCT) and MRI. Fine needle core biopsy (FNCB) or aspiration (FNAB) or both may be required in doubtful cases. If uncertainty persists on the nature of the lesion, surgical liver resection is recommended. This review discusses the main characteristics of the most common solid liver masses in cirrhotic patient.




doi:10.4021/gr2009.10.1314


Keywords


Liver mass; Hepatic nodule; Tumor; Lesion; Cirrhosis; Hepatocellular carcinoma; Cholangicarcinoma; Dysplasia; Metastasis; Fine needle aspiration; Core biopsy

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