Temporal Trends and Predictors of Pancreatitis Patients Who Leave Against Medical Advice: A Nationwide Analysis

Fahad Chaudhary, Ridwaan Albeiruti, Fahad Alqahtani, Mohamed Alhajji, Nathan Lerfald, William Hutson

Abstract


Background: Acute pancreatitis is the leading gastrointestinal cause of hospital admissions. Our study aims to determine the trends and predictors of discharge against medical advice (AMA).

Methods: We utilized the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2003 - 2016) to identify patients admitted with pancreatitis. We compared in-hospital complications and determined predictors of discharge AMA using a multivariate logistic regression.

Results: A total of 7,158,894 patients were admitted with pancreatitis. Of those, 199,351 left AMA. Discharge AMA increased over time from 2.3% to 3.2%. Patients who left AMA were more likely to be younger, male, black, and a lower socioeconomic status (SES). They had a greater prevalence of depression, cirrhosis, smoking, drug abuse, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Alcohol use was the most likely etiology of pancreatitis among those leaving AMA. In a multivariate regression, patients more likely to leave AMA included: age 18 - 44, male, and black. Patients with a history of depression, drug abuse, and HIV infection were also more likely to be discharged AMA.

Conclusions: Discharges AMA increased over time. Predictors of AMA include patients who are younger, male, black, lower socioeconomic status, and have a history of depression, HIV infection, alcohol and drug use. Future studies are necessary to examine the reasons for discharge AMA among this population.




Gastroenterol Res. 2020;13(2):58-65
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/gr1272


Keywords


Pancreatitis; Discharge; Against medical advice; Predictors

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