Pancreaticoduodenectomy With Arterial Approach of Total Mesenteric Resection of the Pancreas for Pancreatic Head Cancer

Futian Du, Xin Wang, Hongfeng Lin, Xuelin Zhao

Abstract


Background: This study aims to observe and analyze the clinical efficacy of the pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) with total mesopancreas excision (TMpE) via the artery approach for carcinoma of head of the pancreas.

Methods: From October 2015 to October 2016, 60 patients with pancreatic head cancer were enrolled in this study. Twenty-eight patients were treated with PD with TMpE via the artery approach (group A), while 32 patients were treated with PD alone (group B) in our hospital. The clinical data of the patients were retrospectively collected, including intra-operative evaluation index, R0 resection rate of postoperative pathological specimens, postoperative complications, and the tumor recurrence time was observed after operation (at third, sixth, and 12th months). Clinical efficacy of PD with TMpE via the artery approach was evaluated between the two groups.

Results: There was no significant difference in the operation time or perioperative death between the two groups (P > 0.05). Postoperative specimen pathology showed that there was a statistically significant difference in the R0 resection rate between the two groups (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of postoperative complications between the two groups (P > 0.05). Tumor recurrence rate at month 3 post operation was 0 (0/28) in group A and 3.13% (1/32) in group B. There was no significant difference in the 6-month recurrence rate (P > 0.05). Postoperative recurrence rate in group A was significantly lower than that in group B at month 12 (P < 0.05).

Conclusions: The PD with TMpE via the artery approach treatment of pancreatic head cancer can reduce the amount of intra-operative bleeding and save the operation time without increasing postoperative complications. It provides effective technical support for combined vascular anastomosis in the treatment of pancreatic head cancer with venous system invasion, and ensures the safety of operation. Moreover, this procedure can improve the R0 resection rate and reduce the recurrence rate in the near future. As a safe, effective and feasible surgical method for the treatment of pancreatic head cancer, it can be widely used in clinical practice.




Gastroenterol Res. 2019;12(5):256-262
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/gr1225


Keywords


Pancreaticoduodenectomy; Arterial priority approach; Total mesopancreas excision; Pancreatic head cancer

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