Kratom-Induced Cholestatic Liver Injury Mimicking Anti-Mitochondrial Antibody-Negative Primary Biliary Cholangitis: A Case Report and Review of Literature

Mahmoud Aldyab, Peter F. Ells, Rosa Bui, Timothy D. Chapman, Hwajeong Lee

Abstract


Kratom is an herbal supplement used to relieve chronic pain or opioid withdrawal symptoms. Recent news articles covering adverse effects associated with kratom use have brought attention to its organ toxicities. Reports of kratom-induced hepatic toxicity are limited and only three case reports of kratom-induced liver injury with histopathologic examination of the liver biopsies are available. A 40-year-old female presented with symptoms of mixed cholestatic and hepatocellular liver injury without clear etiology. The laboratory and imaging workup suggested possibilities of autoimmune hepatitis, autoimmune hepatitis-primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) overlap syndrome, or drug-induced liver injury. Autoantibodies including anti-mitochondrial antibody (AMA) were negative. Liver biopsy showed granulomatous hepatitis with prominent duct injury, suggestive of AMA-negative PBC. She subsequently was referred to a hepatologist and a history of recent kratom use was finally revealed. Kratom was discontinued and the symptoms improved. Kratom-induced hepatic toxicity may manifest with variable biochemical and clinical abnormalities. Histologically, it may mimic AMA-negative PBC. Our case highlights the importance of thorough history taking, interdisciplinary approach and communication for optimal patient care.




Gastroenterol Res. 2019;12(4):211-215
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/gr1204

Keywords


Kratom; Cholestasis; Liver; Biopsy; Granuloma

Full Text: HTML PDF
 

Browse  Journals  

     

Journal of clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics

World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology

Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity

Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research

Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics

 

 

 

 

 

Gastroenterology Research, bimonthly, ISSN 1918-2805 (print), 1918-2813 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.            
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.

This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)


This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.gastrores.org   editorial contact: editor@gastrores.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.