Chronic Pancreatitis Leading to Pancreatogenic Diabetes Presenting in Diabetic Ketoacidosis: A Rare Entity

Gabriel Melki, Linda Laham, Gres Karim, Fnu Komal, Vinod Kumar, Shaker Barham, Matthew Grossman, Sugabramya Kuru, Hadir Mohamed, Rana Garris, Walid Baddoura

Abstract


Diabetes mellitus type 3c (DM3c) is an uncommon cause of diabetes due to pancreatic pathology. Its prevalence reaches about 5-10% among all diabetics in the Western world, largely due to chronic pancreatitis. DM3c occurs due to the destruction of the endocrine islet cells. Glucagon and insulin levels are both decreased due to the destruction of alpha and beta cells, respectively. This makes the development of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) a rare process in patients with DM3c because of the destruction of glucagon, which facilitates ketone production. We report a case of DM3c presenting with DKA. The patient presented with a history of chronic pancreatitis and was on pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy. Prior records revealed that HbA1c levels were normal. Prior computed tomography evidence revealed diffuse pancreatic calcifications. The patient was admitted for DKA, presenting with hyperglycemia, blood glucose of 703 mg/dL, bicarbonate of 16 mmol/L, ketones in the urine and acetone in the blood. The patient’s anion gap corrected for albumin was 27. The patient was admitted to the medical intensive care unit where he was treated with intravenous (IV) insulin and IV hydration. Once the anion gap closed, the patient was transitioned to long-acting insulin. HbA1c level on admission was elevated, autoimmune causes of diabetes were sent and were negative, ruling out late onset type 1 diabetes. This shows that although it is a rare phenomenon, diabetics with DM3c can present in DKA.




Gastroenterol Res. 2019;12(4):208-210
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/gr1203

Keywords


Chronic pancreatitis; Diabetic ketoacidosis; Pancreatogenic diabetes; Diabetes mellitus type 3c

Full Text: HTML PDF
 
Home     |     Log In     |      About     |      Search     |      Current     |      Archives     |      Submit      |     Subscribe


 

     

Aims and Scope

Current Issues

Conflict of Interest

About Publisher

Editorial Board

Archives

Copyright

Company Profile

Editorial Office

Misconduct and Retraction

Permissions

Company Registration

Contact Us

Abstracting and Indexing

ICMJE

Ownership

Instructions to Authors

Access

Declaration of Helsinki

Contact Publisher

Submission Checklist

Reprints

Terms of Use

Company Address

Submit a Manuscript

Open Access Policy

Privacy Policy

Browse Journals

Publishing Fee

Publishing Policy

Disclaimer

Recent Highlights

Peer-Review Process

Publishing Quality

Code of Ethics

Advertising Policy

Manuscript Tracking

Advanced Search

For Librarians

Careers

Publishing Process

Publication Frequency

For Reviewers

Propose a New Journal

       
       

Gastroenterology Research, bimonthly, ISSN 1918-2805 (print), 1918-2813 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.        
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.

This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)


This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.gastrores.org   editorial contact: editor@gastrores.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

DECLARATION: THIS JOURNAL SITE OUTLOOK IS DESIGNED BY THE PUBLISHER AND COPYRIGHT PROTECTED. DO NOT COPY!