Isolated Gastric Metastasis of Endometrial Adenocarcinoma: First Case Report and Review of Pertinent Literature

Min Cui, Xiaofei Zhang, Noam Harpaz

Abstract


Upper gastrointestinal metastasis of endometrial carcinoma rarely occurs in the absence of locoregional disease and other distant metastases. We describe herein the unique case of an isolated gastric metastasis of a stage I endometrial adenocarcinoma. Because the metastatic tumor was initially misdiagnosed clinically and pathologically as a primary gastric carcinoma, we illustrate the histopathology and review the pertinent literature. A 42-year-old woman with Lynch syndrome underwent treatment of endometrial adenocarcinoma at an outside hospital comprising clinical and radiological staging including a positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) scan followed by a total intra-abdominal hysterectomy, bilateral salpingoophorectomy and pelvic and paraaortic lymphadenectomy. The preoperative and pathology findings were consistent with a stage I tumor. Three months postoperatively, a PET-CT scan revealed a new 4.4 cm hypermetabolic lesion in the stomach. A biopsy of the lesion was interpreted pathologically as gastric adenocarcinoma with lymphoid stroma. Upon referral of the patient to our center for management, the biopsy was reviewed in consultation and the pathology materials from the hysterectomy procedure were retrieved for comparison. Based on the morphological and immunohistochemical similarities between the tumors the gastric tumor was diagnosed as metastatic endometrial adenocarcinoma. To our knowledge, this is the first documented case of an isolated gastric metastasis complicating stage I endometrial adenocarcinoma. Awareness of the potential for this occurrence and of the associated diagnostic pitfalls is crucial for accurate diagnosis and therapy.




Gastroenterol Res. 2018;11(6):422-425
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/gr1071w

Keywords


Endometrial carcinoma; Stomach; Metastasis; Lynch syndrome; PAX-8

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