Molecular Markers in the Pathogenesis of Cholangiocarcinoma: Potential for Early Detection and Selection of Appropriate Treatment

Cornelia Braicu, Claudia Burz, Ioana Berindan-Neagoe, Ovidiu Balacescu, Marcel Tantau, Victor Cristea, Alexandru Irimie

Abstract


Cholangiocarcinoma (CC) is a primary malignancy that arises from cholangiocytes, the epithelial cells lining the bile duct livers. The worldwide incidence of CC is increasing and despite of combined therapeutic strategies, its prognosis remains poor. Till now surgery remains the only curative treatment modality. Over the past years, several important studies have yielded new insights into the molecular mechanisms of cholangiocarcinoma. This review focused on critical molecular player during the development from inflammation and cellular and molecular pathogenesis of this disease. The novel prophylactic and therapeutic approach deals especially the molecules involved in inflammation of cholangiocite or those related to promotion and progression of CC. The elucidation of their specific effects and interaction of this complex mechanism will accelerate the development of new biomarker for early detection and predictor factors outcome in CC.



doi:10.4021/gr2009.06.1299

Publish ahead of print June 22, 2009


Keywords


Cancer; Cholangiocarcinoma; Markers; Target therapies

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