Clinical, Histologic, and Immunophenotypic Features of Serrated Polyps in Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Chen Yang, Yaman Tarabishy, Themistocles Dassopoulos, ILKe Nalbantoglu

Abstract


Background: Colorectal serrated polyps (SP), which include hyperplastic polyps (HP), sessile serrated adenomas/polyps (SSA/P), and traditional serrated adenomas, are not uncommon and have been implicated to play a role in the pathogenesis in a subset of sporadic colorectal carcinomas; however, their significance in patients with prolonged inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remains unclear.

Methods: We retrospectively studied the clinicopathologic features, BRAF and β-catenin immunohistochemistry staining patterns in 36 SPs from 28 patients with IBD compared with 40 SPs in patients without IBD.

Results: Eleven SSA/Ps and 25 HPs from IBD and site-matched controls were included. SSA/Ps in the study group were slightly more commonly seen in males (55% vs. 41%, P = 0.7) and older patients (55.2 vs. 47.8 years, P = 0.2) compared to patients with HP. They were moderately larger (7.13 mm vs. 4.83 mm, P = 0.14) and more likely located on the right (63.6% vs. 32%, P = 0.46). Smaller percentage of SSA/Ps showed BRAF staining compared to controls (55.6% vs. 73.3%, P = 0.41) and HPs showed similar features (52.0% vs. 54.2%, P = 1). β-catenin was negative in all cases. During follow-up, only one patient in the SSA/P group developed carcinoma 42 months after at the same site and two developed adenoma-like low-grade dysplasia but no patients with HPs had such findings.

Conclusions: Our findings show that SPs in IBD share similar clinicodemographic and immunophenotypical features with sporadic SPs. However, patients with SSA/Ps may have a slight increase in risk of developing dysplasia compared to patients with HPs in IBD.




Gastroenterol Res. 2018;11(5):355-360
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/gr1064w


Keywords


Serrated; Polyps; Inflammatory bowel disease; BRAF; β-catenin

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